Introduction to the institutions, constitutional struc-ture, and evolution of the European Union since the founding of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951. Explores how European Community law interacts with the law of individual member states and how the various E.U. institutions—the Commissions, the Council, the Parliament, and the Court of Justice—interact with one another in the process of lawmaking in the European Union. Covers to a limited extent the ―four freedoms‖ and may include one practiceoriented area of substantive E.U. law. Focuses on a close reading of the treaty texts and landmark decisions of the European Court of Justice transforming Europe from a customs union into what some argue is a federal system, and draws compar-isons between federalism in the United States and in the European Union. Accessible to students who have no prior knowledge of European law. Graded on a take-home examination and several papers.