The International Review is the award-winning and only academic newsletter published by an ABA-accredited law school that reports on a broad range of contemporary international and comparative law topics. In contrast to other legal publications which are often laden with dense prose and technical jargon, the articles in The International Review (which began publication in 1999) are written in plain English. It is published twice a year by the Center for International Law.
This newsletter is not a law review and also does not accept unsolicited articles.
In 2009, the Sixth Annual Magnum Opus Awards awarded The International Review with the Gold Award for "Most Improved Editorial (Print Newsletter)." The Newsletter on Newsletters awarded The International Review with its 2007 Gold Award for "Best Edited Organization Newsletter."
For a free subscription of actual paper copies, send your name and postal mailing address to Michael.Rhee@nyls.edu.
Fall / Winter 2012 Contents: Volume 15, Issue 1 (1.86 MB in PDF format)
/ Summer 2012 Contents: Volume 14, Issue 2 (4.06 MB in PDF
/ Winter 2011 Contents: Volume 14,
Issue 1 (3.78 MB in PDF format)
/ Summer 2011 Contents: Volume 13, Issue 2 (5.18 MB
in PDF format)
/ Winter 2010 Contents: Volume 13, Issue 1 (3.05 MB in
Summer 2010 Contents: Volume 12, Issue 2 (5.14 MB in PDF
Contents: Volume 12, Issue 1 (5.72 MB in PDF format)
2009 Contents (10th anniversary issue): Volume 11,
Issue 2 (7.22 MB in PDF format)
Contents: Volume 11, Issue 1 (6.23 MB in PDF format)
2008 Contents: Volume 10, Issue 2 (2.20 MB in PDF format)
- The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Hindering the "War on Terror"?
- Regulating sovereign wealth funds
- Amending birthright citizenship: A better way to control illegal immigration?
- Punishing human rights violations: First corporate jury verdict under the Alien Tort Claims Act
- The United States in Iraq: A Five-Year Review of Unresolved Legal Issues (special section)
- Unwarranted surveillance in America? The National Security Agency surveillance program
- Targeted killings in the war on terror: Legitimate or illegal?
- On the road to a new climate agreement?
- The European Union: Adopting a failed constitution as a treaty
- Jury duty back in Japan
- Showdown on harsh CIA interrogation techniques
- Birth of a nation: Legal issues in Kosovo's independence
- United Nations: Better treatment for indigenous peoples?
- United Nations: The end of the death penalty?
2007 Contents: Volume 10, Issue 1 (5.39 MB in
- The U.S. Supreme Court and Global Warming: National and International Implications
- Hedge funds: In need of international regulation?
- Universal jurisdiction: Prosecuting any crimes committed anywhere?
- Is the WTO Providing More Access to Essential Medicines?
- KORUS: A trade agreement binding the United States and Korea?
- The Outsourcing of Torture: “Extraordinary rendition” still shrouded in secrecy
- “Enforced disappearances” convention: A casualty of the war on terror?
- A better definition for “crime of aggression”?
- Food safety: Weaknesses abroad and at home
- The world’s first publicly-held law firm: Opportunities and dilemmas
- Ethiopia v. Starbucks: A brewing trademark dispute?
- Hitting the pocketbooks of human rights abusers?
- Law of the Sea Treaty: Sink or swim?
- Flying in more competitive skies? The Open Skies Agreement
2007 Contents: Volume 9, Issue 2 (1.39 MB in PDF format)
- A New System of Law and Order in the “War on Terror”
- Will the new national space policy lead to weapons in space?
- Judgment at Baghdad: Justice served or a miscarriage of justice?
- UN Peacekeeping: Possible adjustments in the face of continuing limitations?
- Federal Internet gambling ban: A bluff or ace in the hole?
- Cybercrime Convention: A threat to criminals and individual privacy?
- International Criminal Court: The First Case
- Double jeopardy facing jeopardy in England?
- Taxation without representation in the nation’s capital
- Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy
- Terrorist and legal blacklist?
- Is the Human Rights Council breaking with its past?
- Does membership have its rewards? Reforming the IMF
- A better way to regulate toxic chemicals?
- Will a new convention improve the intercountry adoption process?
- Disabling discrimination against the disabled?
- A SWIFT way to combat terrorism?
- Global trade negotiations back on track?
- Stare decisis in the making?
- WTO: Summaries of decisions: Hundreds of pages condensed into one
2006 Contents: (NEW DESIGN!) Volume 9, Issue
1 (1.95 MB in PDF format)
- No Investigation of Coalition Forces in Iraq
- Bolivia: A Lot of Gas for Partial Takeover?
- More Limits on Conducting the “War on Terror”?
- Enforcing Your Right to Contact a Consulate?
- More Scrutiny for Foreign Investors?
- Programmers to Receive Benefits
- A Lumbering Trade Dispute Ends
- Antartica a Foreign Country? It Depends.
- Tracking Your Cybersteps in Europe
- Insult Laws Still Threatening Basic Liberties?
- Lack of Hospitality in Mexico City?
- Global Trade Talks Suspended
- Membership Obligations v. Arab-Israeli Conflict
- New Human Rights Body and Its Membership
- United Nations: Curbing the Right to Bear Arms?
- Human Trafficking Concerns
- Giving Security to Securities
- Touch a Bridge and Stay in the U.S.?
- Fourth Strike Against Byrd Amendment
Spring 2006 Contents: Volume 8, Issue 2 (591 KB in PDF format)
- United States/EU: An agreement to wine about?
- WTO: First decision on "Frankenfood"
- Doha trade talks: Putting off hard decisions
- UN: Defender of endangered cultures?
- Delicate situation for caviar
- Stopping child sex abuse via Foreign Commerce Clause
- WTO: Soda tax goes flat
- United States: Still master of the Internet domain?
- Affordable medicines for poor nations?
- UN: Cloning around for a treaty?
- Final exhale for global warming treaty?
- Limiting Guantanamo detainees' access to courts?
- UN: Old human rights group with new face?
- C.V. Starr Lecture I: "A Colloquy Commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the United States Court of International Trade" with Thomas J. Aquilino, Jr. (Senior Judge, United States Court of International Trade); Andreas F. Lowenfeld (Herbert and Rose Rubin Professor of International Law, New York University School of Law); Amelia Porges (Counsel, Sidley Austin LLP); and Barbara S. Williams (Attorney-in-Charge, International Trade Field Office, Commercial Litigation Branch, Civil Division, United States Department of Justice) (February 22, 2006)
- C.V. Starr Lecture II: "Trade in Services in the Doha Round" with Christine Bliss, Acting Assistant United States Trade Representative for Services and Investment, Office of the United States Trade Representative (March 22, 2006)
- The 2006 Otto L. Walter Lecture: "Civil Liberties in the Age of Terrorism" with Floyd Abrams, Partner, Cahill Gordon & Reindel LLP, and one of America's best-known and well-respected First Amendment attorneys (April 5, 2006)
Fall 2005 Contents: Volume 8, Issue 1 (931 KB in PDF format)
- Interpreting the U.S. Constitution via International Law?
- Legal Efforts Against Terrorist Financing: Opportunities and Obstacles
- The United Nations in Control of the Internet
- Implosion of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
- End of the European Union Constitution?
- Law School: A cure for foreign competition?
- While the U.S. barely passes the Central American Free Trade Agreement ...
- ... the outcome of ongoing WTO talks remains uncertain
- Undermining the Kyoto Protocol?
- A WTO open to the public?
- C.V. Starr Lecture I: "China's Place in World Trade and Finance" with Robert L. Howse, Alene & Allan F. Smith Professor of Law at the University of Michigan Law School (November 9, 2005)
- C.V. Starr Lecture II: "Legitimacy through Law in China" with Benjamin L. Liebman, Associate Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Chinese Legal Studies at Columbia Law School (November 16, 2005)
Spring 2005 Contents: Volume 7, Issue 2 (584 KB in PDF format)
- Can editing be a threat to national security?
- Are global counterfeiting and piracy unstoppable?
- Report: How to build a more effective United Nations
- The WTO 10-year review: A world trading system in peril?
- Equal protection for Florida orange juice?
- Short breaths for global warming treaty?
- Selling an EU constitution to a skeptical public
- Bittersweet ending for sugar subsidies?
- The end of a long-running WTO tax dispute?
- C.V. Starr Lecture I: "The Making of the Interim Iraqi Constitution" with speaker Dr. Feisal al-Istrabadi, Ambassador, Iraqi Mission to the United Nations (February 23, 2005)
- C.V. Starr Lecture II: "Restructuring Iraq's Debt" with speaker Lee C. Buchheit, Partner, Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, which represents Iraq in the restructuring of its debt (March 30, 2005)
- C.V. Starr Lecture III: "Iraq and the Shaping of a State Media Policy" with Monroe E. Price, Director, Howard M. Squadron Program in Law, Media and Society, Cardozo Law School (April 6, 2005)
- The 2005 Otto L. Walter Lecture: "Rethinking the War on Terror" with Anne-Marie Slaughter, Dean, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (April 20, 2005)
Fall 2004 Contents: Volume 7, Issue 1 (1.04 MB in PDF format)
- The War on Terror: Balancing National Security and Civil Liberties
- Outsourcing Backlash? Will Efforts to Keep Jobs at Home Violate the U.S. Constitution and International Law? Assistant Trial Attorney, International Crim
- Alumna Profile: Roberta Baldini '94, Assistant Trial Attorney, International Criminal Tribune for Rwanda
- Global trade talks back on track
- One-sentence curb on human rights abuses
- Cotton no longer king at the WTO?
- Open and shut: First WTO case against China
- International high stakes poker?
- An exception to an exception
- International Law Career Panel (October 13, 2004)
- C.V. Starr Lecture I: "Nation Building and Exporting the Rule of Law: Lessons from Russia and Egypt" with speaker Richard P. Bernard, Executive Vice President and General Counsel, New York Stock Exchange (November 3, 2004)
- C.V. Starr Lecture II: "Bringing Human Rights Home: International Human Rights Principles and Women's Rights in the U.S." with speaker Kathy Rodgers, President, Legal Momentum (the new name of NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund) (November 10, 2004)
- C.V. Starr Lecture III: "Whose Disclosure Laws Ought to Apply to Cross-Border Securities Transactions?" with Merritt B. Fox (Michael E. Patterson Professor of Law), Columbia Law School (November 17, 2004)
Spring 2004 Contents: Volume 6, Issue 2 (727 KB in PDF format)
- An International Bankruptcy Plan for Countries in Financial Difficulty?
- Alumna Profile: Ms. Saori Kilthau '00, Senior tax consultant (International Tax Group), Ernst & Young, LLP
- Biosafety Protocol: Impending collision with global trade rules?
- As some trade negotiations hit bumps . . .
- . . . one agreement moves forward to an uncertain future
- Does the WTO say no to drugs?
- Can a global treaty curb corruption?
- Kyoto global warming treaty: Vanishing before our eyes?
- EU: Struggling for a simpler patent system
- Will 2005 bring a new trend in clothing?
- Anti-Tobacco Treaty: Gasping for Breath
- A toxic plan to test everyday chemicals?
- Will the WTO create higher deficits in the US?
- The 2004 Otto L. Walter Lecture: "The First Steps of the International Criminal Court" with Chief Prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo (March 24, 2004)
- A C.V. Starr Lecture: "Moving Beyond 'Drugs and Thugs': A New Strategy for the Andean Region" with the Honorable John G. Heimann, Co-Chair, Center for Preventive Action Commission, Council on Foreign Relations (March 31, 2004)
Fall 2003 Contents: Volume 6, Issue 1 (659 KB in PDF format)
- Does the World Need a Global Registry to Protect Geographical Food Names?
- Globalization Meets the First Amendment: Do Multinational Corporations have a Right to Free Speech?
- Alumnus Profile: Seth Cohen, Captain, United States Army, Judge Advocate General's (JAG) Corps, Camp Zama (Japan)
- The Alien Tort Claims Act: A One-Sentence Sling-Shot against Corporate Goliaths?
- WTO in Cancun: No Party in Vacation Capital
- A United Europe under a Single Constitution?
- SARS: Another Blow to the World Economy?
- Breaking the Bank? Rebuilding Iraq's Financial System
- International Law Career Panel (October 2, 2003)
- The C.V. Starr Lecture: "Borders Beyond Control: Thoughts on Immigration Policy for the 21st Century" with lecturer Jagdish Bhagwati (October 23, 2003)
Spring 2003 Contents: Volume 5, Issue 2 (441 KB in PDF format)
- Corporate Governance: A Thread Unraveling Throughout the Global Economy?
- Alumnus Profile: Edward Okeke, Legal Officer, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Paris, France)
- A Bigger and Stronger European Union?
- Biotech Debate Meets Real-World Starvation
- Zombies in Japan's Banking System?
- International Trade to Become Less Taxing?
- US to WTO: Don't Tell Us How to Spend our Money
- A C.V. Starr Symposium: Corporate Governance in the United States and Europe: An Emerging Consensus or Growing Disparity? (March 25, 2003)
- The 2003 Otto L. Walter Lecture: The Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization: A Discussion with a Former Chairman of the Appellate Body (April 8, 2003)
- The C.V. Starr Lecture: The Regulation of Foreign Lawyers in New York: Former New York Court of Appeals Judge Howard A. Levine (April 22, 2003)
- Adjusting the Backbone of International Trade: Should the WTO Reform its Dispute Settlement Rules?
- Uncle Sam v. the European Union: Averting Trade Wars Between the Two Titans
- Alumnae Profile: 1996 Evening Division student, New York City-based international law firm (Frankfurt, Germany, office)
- A Concise Guide to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank
- Bush: I've Got My Authority Back
- Once a Monk, Now WTO Chief
- You've Got Copyright Protection, Babe!
- Next WTO Meeting in Vacation Capital
- Don't Bank on China's Banking System
- Batting .900 at WTO, But Taking a Really Big Strike
- Steel: Embracing Protectionism to Promote Trade?
- "Axis of Evil" Plenty of Other Opportunities
- Russia: We're Still a Contender
Spring 2002 Contents: Volume 4, Issue 2 (563 KB in PDF format)
- NAFTA: Compensating Business for the Inconvenience of Protecting Public Welfare?
- In the Wake of September 11: Our Economy and the World
- WTO to Begin New Trade Round: "A Perfect Balance of Unhappiness"
- Alumnae Profile: K. Elizabeth Ryder, International Legal Development consultant
- Anthrax Scare Helps Clarify WTO Intellectual Property Rules
- Welcome to the Club: China's 16-year Quest Ends
- Hello, Euro! So long to francs, guilders, liras, pesetas . .
- A $4 Billion Defeat that Won't Go Away
- The 2002 Otto L. Walter Lecture: "Multidisciplinary Practice and the European Court of Justice" by Anthony Huydecoper, Advocate-General of the Supreme Court of the Netherlands (March 7, 2002)
Fall 2001 Contents: Volume 4, Issue 1 (407 KB in PDF format)
- The Free Trade Agreement of the Americas: Is free trade possible in the post-Seattle world?
- The World Trade Organization and Intellectual Property Rights: Obstacles or Innovators in the Fight Against AIDS?
- Trouble at the Border: Is NAFTA opening roads to unsafe trucks?
- Alumnus Profile: James H. Rodgers, L'Abbate, Balkan, Colavita & Contini, L.L.P.
- A Concise Guide to Major Trade Agreements
- Global Trade Round-up
- Center for International Law Symposium: "The Greening of the World Trade Organization?" (October 3, 2001)
- International Law Career Panel (October 4, 2001)
Spring 2001 Contents: Volume 3, Issue 2 (339 KB in PDF format)
- Unequal in an Organization of Equals? Developing Countries and the WTO
- What Prevents Labor Abuses Abroad? A Voluntary Code of Conduct
- Signs of a Greener WTO?
- Alumnae Profile: Liliana Correia, Zurich Financial Services
- President Bush's Cabinet Officials on International Trade and Finance
- NYLS Wins Award at Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition
- The 2001 Otto L. Walter Lecture: "A Lawyer Has an Obligation: Pro Bono and the Legal Profession" by Evan A. Davis, President, Association of the Bar of the City of New York (April 10, 2001)
- International Business and Tax Law: A New Curriculum at NYLS
Fall 2000 Contents: Volume 3, Issue 1 (513 KB in PDF format)
- Balancing Online Privacy v. Global E-Commerce: Does One Threaten the Other?
- China and the WTO: Ready for Each Other?
- How to Join the World Trade Organization
- The Big Stick of US Trade Law Keeps Swinging
- Alumnae Profile: Christina M. Storm, Lawyers Without Borders, Inc.
- US Supreme Court: Burma Law Unconstitutional (also see Fall 1999 newsletter)
- Election 2000: The Presidential Candidates on International Trade and Finance
Spring 2000 Contents: Volume 2, Issue 2 (377 KB in PDF format)
- Genetically Modified: A New Frankenstein or Old Trade Barriers?
- WTO Sidebar: Who decides if you're obeying a final ruling?
- The Talented World Trade Organization: A Cure-All for the World's Problems?
- The WTO's Biggest Case: Foreign Sales Corporations (FSCs)
- Alumnae Profile: Darlene Prescott, United Nations Office of Legal Affairs
- Burma goes to the High Court after its day with NYLS
Fall 1999 Contents: Volume 2, Issue 1 (282 KB in PDF format)
- 50 Foreign Policies for 50 States? The Massachusetts Burma Law
- Symposium: Should the ABA Approve MDP?
- A Ten-Year Beef: Unfair Trade Ban or Serious Health Concerns?
- Four Steps to a Career in International Law
- Alumnus Profile: Dennis S. Prahl, Ladas & Parry
- Up Close: Journal of International and Comparative Law
- Slipping into a Trade War over Bananas
- Cooling off hot tempers over steel imports
- Center for International Law Trivia
Spring 1999 Contents: Volume 1, Issue 2 (183 KB in PDF format)
- The Trade Fight of the Year Over ... Bananas?
- Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition
- International Law Courses Taught by NYLS Faculty
- What's the Problem with Cheap Steel?
- The Euro Makes Its Way into the World Market
DID YOU KNOW?
Companies may no longer add sugar to all fruit juices sold in the 27 member nations of the European Union under changes to existing regulations. This requirement also applies to juice companies located in other countries such as the United States. Read page 40 of the Spring / Summer 2012 newsletter.
International law prohibits taunting mobs from throwing even a dictator on the hood of a pickup truck and then executing him shortly afterwards outside of any judicial proceeding whatsoever. But former Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi still suffered this fate at the hands of his own people. Read page 55 of the Spring / Summer 2012 newsletter.
Nations around the world are improperly discarding medical waste, including disease-ridden body parts, used needles, and infected blood. Legal experts say that doing so not only hurts the environment, but could also violate international human rights law. Read page 51 of the Spring / Summer 2012 newsletter.
Australia will allow its women soldiers to apply for direct fighting positions which could put them at the front lines of combat. While three other nations have similar policies, critics believe that most women will not apply for such positions. Read page 38 of the Spring / Summer 2012 newsletter.
As more and more prisoners are placed into solitary confinement, experts say that doing so could violate several human rights treaties. Why? Under certain circumstances, solitary confinement is a form of torture, according to a UN expert. Read page 48 of the Spring / Summer 2012 newsletter.
Many nations, even democratic ones, punish acts of flag desecration with long jail sentences, among other penalties. But critics say that these laws could violate fundamental rights such as the right to freedom of speech and expression. Read page 20 of the Spring / Summer 2012 newsletter.
Most nations around the world have laws and other regulations which set minimum wages. An international legal framework also calls on nations to establish a process to set minimum wages. Still, the level of wages and the process in setting them vary greatly among different nations. Read page 3 of the Spring / Summer 2012 newsletter.
Carrying out eminent domain is becoming more controversial as some nations do so for reasons such as promoting economic development and social justice. Critics say that many governments provide inadequate compensation for taken property and that others have eminent domain policies which differ from region to region within a single nation. Read page 7 of the Spring / Summer 2012 newsletter.
Tobacco companies are challenging laws in nations which require them to package their tobacco products in a plain manner and also to print government-supplied graphic health warnings. An existing international treaty calls on its signatory nations to implement a wide range of measures to discourage tobacco use. Read page 14 of the Fall / Winter 2011 newsletter.
Fashion designers in the United States generally cannot copyright their original fashion designs, but other nations such as France and Italy do provide such protection. Congress may soon amend existing laws to allow copyright protection. Others say that doing so is unnecessary. Read page 57 of the Fall / Winter 2011 newsletter.
More and more nations are placing restrictions on the Internet such as blocking access to webpages, filtering their content, and forcing people to register their real names when posting comments. But a UN expert concluded that these measures should adhere to international human rights standards. Read page 61 of the Fall / Winter 2011 newsletter.
Women in Saudi Arabia may not drive cars or any other vehicle. Among other rationales, authorities say that allowing them to drive will corrupt society. Some believe that driving restrictions based solely on a person’s gender violate international law. Read page 55 of the Fall / Winter 2011 newsletter.
Millions of people around the world are not citizens of any country, and have remained stateless for decades, and even generations. While a patchwork of international treaties and agreements addresses the issue of statelessness, the scope of protections varies widely from one agreement to the next. Read page 30 of the Fall / Winter 2011 newsletter.
Hundreds of thousands of children around the world serve as soldiers in non-state and official armed groups where they fight in combat and serve as messengers and spies. While an extensive legal framework currently addresses the recruitment and use of child soldiers, two criminal tribunals have taken action against this practice. Read page 3 of the Fall / Winter 2011 newsletter.
Governments around the world still carry out collective punishment, a practice from days of antiquity where individuals or groups are punished for the actions carried out by others, say human rights groups. They point to recent examples in the Gaza Strip, Iraq, Pakistan, and Russia. Read page 37 of the Fall / Winter 2011 newsletter.
Certain U.S. citizens who reside in other nations currently support foreign terrorism, and the United States has targeted them for immediate death. Some targeted killings have taken place in areas which are not considered combat zones, and also in cases where the federal government had not filed any criminal charges against terrorist supporters. Read page 3 of the Spring / Summer 2011 newsletter.
More nations have been legalizing same-sex marriage or providing same-sex couples with rights and benefits similar or identical to traditional marriage. Though no international treaty grants an explicit right to marry someone of the same sex, a recent decision by a global tribunal could change that situation. Read page 11 of the Spring / Summer 2011 newsletter for an overview of same-sex marriage and international law.
The United Kingdom threatened to prosecute a large supermarket chain for wrapping meat in excessive packaging. A European-wide regulation calls on nations to reduce the use of unnecessary packaging which many say damages the environment. Read page 41 of the Spring / Summer 2011 newsletter.
Pirates roving the seas have captured more vessels and taken more hostages than at any time since 1991. But nations are facing many obstacles in prosecuting them, including problems with gathering evidence and interpreting arcane laws that may not even be applicable to modern-day piracy. Read page 25 of the Spring / Summer 2011 newsletter.
Oklahoma courts may not use Sharia law or international law when deciding cases, according to a state amendment approved by voters. On the other hand, other jurisdictions in the United States (and even other nations) allow people to use Christian, Jewish, and Muslim arbitration panels to resolve certain civil disputes. Read page 38 of the Spring / Summer 2011 newsletter.
Rather than debating whether former felons may vote again, many nations are discussing which currently-incarcerated prisoners may vote. Some nations are even reminding them of upcoming elections. Even in the United States, many states have reformed their voting laws to make it easier for released felons to vote again. Read page 32 of the Spring / Summer 2011 newsletter.
Over 1,000 asteroids have the potential to strike Earth one day, said NASA. While many international treaties regulate a wide range of activities in outer space, none address how nations should respond to threats posed by asteroids. Read page 58 of the Spring / Summer 2011 newsletter.
Teaching international law to foreign terrorists can be a federal crime. The U.S. Supreme Court recently upheld a law which makes it a crime to give certain training and advice (including those involving specialized knowledge of international law) to terrorist groups – even if those activities are intended for legal and peaceful purposes. Read more about this issue on page 51 in the Fall / Winter 2010 newsletter.
For the first time in U.S. history, an immigration law judge granted asylum to a family which claimed that Germany had persecuted them for home-schooling their children. Under their interpretation of certain international treaties, United Nations experts say that nations generally should not prohibit parents from home-schooling their children. Read more about this issue on page 35 in the Fall / Winter 2010 newsletter.
Access to safe and clean drinking water and also access to sanitation are now fundamental human rights, declared the UN General Assembly in a resolution. But a large percentage of UN member nations did not vote for this resolution. Read more about this issue on page 53 in the Fall / Winter 2010 newsletter.
More and more nations are relying on criminal laws to stop the spread of HIV (the virus which causes AIDS), though many experts believe that doing so is having the opposite effect. Read more about this issue on page 3 in the Fall / Winter 2010 newsletter.
While the United States has laws regulating the use of circus animals, Bolivia recently banned the use of all animals in its circuses. No international treaty regulates how nations are supposed to (or even whether they should) protect animal welfare. Rather, many nations have passed their own laws protecting animal welfare, though the extent of such protection varies from one jurisdiction to the next. Read more about this issue on page 7 in the Fall / Winter 2010 newsletter.
Regardless of their legal status, international migrants must receive benefits (such as wages) which are not less favorable than those given to native workers in those countries which signed an international treaty protecting the rights of migrant workers. But most industrialized nations have not signed that treaty, including every member nation of the European Union, Japan, and the United States. Read more about this issue on page 22 in the Fall / Winter 2010 newsletter.