As Mariana Hogan remembers, she ended up in law school because she was attracted to a career that relied on words and analysis. But somewhat to her surprise, it turned out to be the human element—listening to people’s stories and helping solve their problems—that held the most appeal. During her first year at Georgetown University Law Center, courses in criminal procedure and torts were her favorites, and a criminal defense clinic, which she took as a visiting student at New York University Law School, proved to be the experience that led to a career in criminal law.
“I can still remember each of the clients I had in my criminal defense clinic in Manhattan Criminal Court almost 40 years ago,” Professor Hogan says. “Representing clients who were relying on me was a formative experience, and it impressed upon me standards of practice that I have tried to maintain ever since.”
Today, as a clinical and skills professor, she aims to give students a similarly formative experience that transforms them from law students to caring professionals. In 2003, she and Professor Frank Bress developed NYLS’s Criminal Defense Clinic for that purpose. Professor Hogan co-taught the clinic until 2009, when she became Associate Dean for Professional Development.
The Externship Program is another place in the curriculum where students make the transition from student to lawyer. For more than two decades as Director of Externship Programs, Professor Hogan has been placing student externs with judges and lawyers. Student externs earn credit in courts, government agencies, public interest organizations, corporations, and law firms, where they take what they have learned in the classroom and apply it on real cases. She reports, “There is nothing more fulfilling than to see a student extern find the practice niche that challenges and excites them.” Professor Hogan is the co-author of a chapter on judicial externships in Learning From Practice: A Professional Development Text for Legal Externs.
As a new lawyer, Professor Hogan worked as a staff attorney in the Legal Aid Society’s Criminal Defense Division in the South Bronx on a caseload that included everything but homicide. As a public defender, she was in court every day arguing motions, making bail applications, plea bargaining, and conducting hearings and trials. She then moved to the federal court in the Eastern District of New York as a staff attorney in Legal Aid’s Federal Defender Services Unit. Practice in the federal court further developed her trial and advocacy skills.
Those early experiences in state and federal trial courts sometimes resulted in learning skills by trial and error. As Director of the Advocacy Program at the Law School and a faculty advisor for the Trial Competition Team, Professor Hogan strives to teach students essential trial and advocacy skills in a safe environment before they are in court representing a client. She is a sought-after lecturer and teacher of trial, deposition, and motion argument skills at Continuing Legal Education (CLE) programs. She leads programs on advocacy for the National Institute for Trial Advocacy at law firms and government agencies and in public programs across the country, and she is a member of the faculty at the New York City Office of Administrative Trials and Hearings.
Professor Hogan is an active member of the legal community in New York City. She has served several terms on the Board of the New York County Lawyers’ Association (NYCLA). As a member, and then as Co-Chair, of NYCLA’s Task Force on the Representation of the Indigent, she was instrumental in the creation of a monitoring program to ensure competent representation for defendants who could not afford counsel, the Indigent Defense Organization Oversight Committee (IDOOC). Professor Hogan has served on IDOOC since her appointment in 2006 by the Presiding Justice of the Appellate Division Court in the First Department. She has also served on the Mayor’s Advisory Committee on the Judiciary. Professor Hogan was recognized by NYCLA for her role in developing and sponsoring its Annual Federal Criminal Practice Institute, which seeks to diversify the panel of attorneys available to represent indigent clients in the federal courts by training women and minority lawyers for federal practice.
LAW REVIEW AND OTHER SCHOLARLY PUBLICATIONS
“Jails and Prisons – Reservoirs of TB Disease: Should Defendants with HIV Infection (Who Cannot Swim) Be Thrown Into the Reservoir?” 20 Fordham Urban Law Journal 467 (1993) (with Faith Colangelo).
NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, PRACTICE MATERIALS, AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS
“Blame the Lawyers, Not the Witness.” New York Law School In Brief 10 (Spring/Summer 1999).
“New York Law School’s Externship Program: Out of the Classroom and into the Field.” 14 New York Law School In Brief 16 (Spring 1996).